NOT READY FOR JOBS
Educational institutions inmIndia are falling short of imparting employable skills.
Academicians and placement experts talk to Proyashi Barua about solutions and the way forward India is facing an emergency situation as far as employability is concerned.
The country has over 350 universities, 18,000 colleges and 6,000 it is, which
every year come out with about 500,000 technical graduates, of which, according
to NASSCOM estimates, 75 per cent are not easily employable. Our institutions
annually produce around 2.3 million graduates, of which 90 per cent are
considered unfit for employment.
‘’The employability issue is centered on tow
challenges. The first is lack of access to education and skills, which by and
large is a challenge peculiar to our rural masses. The second is rigour in
education quality standards that touches almost all the higher education
institutions. In other words, this challenge is idependent of the demographic
and economic profile of students that institutions cater to,’’ says Poonam
Sethi, associate professor, BCom, Hindu college. She goes on to add, ‘’owing to
the second challenge today there is an acute mismatch between a student’s
salary expectations and his/her skill sets and knowledge.’’
The issue of aligning skills with jobs has been
recurring for quite a while. Talking about possible solutions, Rekha Navneet,
associate professor, philosophy, Gargi College says, ‘’India has one the
largest education systems in the worlds, but there is an urgent need to
modernize it. Moreover, we need more institutions in diverse fields like
agriculture, biotechnology and human resources, among others, if we have to
reap the advantages of our demographic profile.’’ It is also important to
ensure equitable distribution and access to skill development opportunites, she
says. Sethi says the best solution for educational institutions is to offer
‘’This is already being done in the open
learning system, where the attempt is to provide modular courses which have
multiple entry and exit points and facilities for-on-the job training,
Institutions have to develop courses as per the requirements of the employers.
In other words, specific competencies have to be mapped and evaluation systems
have focus on these practical competencies.’’ According to Navneet, there’s
also the need to train more teachers and re-skill them according to today’s
‘’Young people should be
motivated to train as educationists and trainers. This will partly solve the
unemployment problem and add to the system a large number of people who can
facilitate skill transfer to students. In short, there is a need for faculty
enablement, faculty development and faculty recruitment,’’ she explains.
(Via- HT, Dec-12, 2012)