as a competitive sport was pioneered in Britain.
Until the late nineteenth century, diving had
either been a purely pleasurable pastime in warm
climates, or for acquiring such natural
resources as pearls and sponges.
the first diving championship took place
Scotland. Four years later the first diving
stage was erected at Highgate Ponds on Hampstead
Heath in North London.
diving events were included in the Olympic Games
until 1928 when the menís plain and fancy
diving events were amalgamated and the
high-board diving event of today was born.
Lately the sport has been dominated by
High-board diving takes place from a fixed
board 10 metres above the pool, which has to be
at least 4.5 metres deep. The only other board
used in Olympic and World Championship events is
the springboard, which is flexible and placed 3
metres above the pool.
RULES AND REGULATIONS
Competitive diving is marked on a points
system. After a preliminary round the 12 divers
with the highest points go forward to the final.
Points are awarded for the style in which each
dive executed. This begins at the starting
position, proceeds to the take-off, develops
into the period in the air, and ends on entering
Menís high board diving at Olympic
level requires the competitors to divide their
dives into two sections. The first four
voluntary dives must not exceed a degree of
difficulty of 7.6. Scoring is based on how these
difficulties are overcome. The second section is
six dives without limit. A type of dive used in
one section may not be used in the other. In
order words, all dives must be
RECORDS SET IN THE GAME
Louganis, born in San Diego, California, in
January 1960, proved his all-time greatness by
winning four Olympic medals and five World
Championship gold medals. In 1976 he won Olympic
silver at high-board. He missed the 1980 Games
but returned in 1984 to win the springboard and
high-board double. He repeated this at the 1988
Anderson, the US diver, won the national US
championships in April 1946 with a new dive.
This was not his only achievement wounded after
being shot down over enemy territory in the
Second World War, he had a 3-inch silver plate
in his left leg. On his return to training, he
switched to a right-leg start, remarking,
ĎMy sense of balance still isnít
what it should beí.
Dibiasi, the Italian diver who went on to win
medals in three Olympics, became immensely
popular in his home town of Bolzano. The town
bought him an exclusive gift: a diving